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Tricolor Beech

Fagus sylvatica 'Tricolor'

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Tricolor Beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Tricolor') at The Growing Place

Tricolor Beech

Tricolor Beech

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Tricolor Beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Tricolor') at The Growing Place

Tricolor Beech foliage

Tricolor Beech foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  30 feet

Spread:  30 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Roseomarginata Beech, Common Beech, European Beech


A lovely accent tree with outstanding foliage; leaves uncurl a bright reddish-purple with an irregular rose and pinkish white border; distinctive, smooth, silver bark; best with a bit of afternoon shade

Ornamental Features

Tricolor Beech has attractive deciduous green foliage edged in pink with hints of white throughout the season. The serrated pointy leaves are highly ornamental and turn an outstanding coppery-bronze in the fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The smooth silver bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

Tricolor Beech is a dense deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Tricolor Beech is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

Tricolor Beech will grow to be about 30 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 6 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 120 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This particular variety is an interspecific hybrid.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Shade  Garden 
Foliage Color  Fall Color  Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features