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Fox Valley River Birch

Betula nigra 'Little King'

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Fox Valley River Birch (Betula nigra 'Little King') at The Growing Place

Betula nigra 'Fox Valley'

Betula nigra 'Fox Valley'

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Fox Valley River Birch (Betula nigra 'Little King') at The Growing Place

Betula nigra 'Fox Valley' bark

Betula nigra 'Fox Valley' bark

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height: 10 feet

Spread: 12 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone: 4a

Other Names: Red Birch

Description:

A wonderful dense and compact landscape-scale birch, more of an irregularly rounded-spreading large shrub than a tree, with interesting cinnamon colored bark; ideal size for use in a garden setting

Ornamental Features:

Fox Valley River Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the fall. It features subtle chartreuse catkins in early spring. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes:

Fox Valley River Birch is a dense multi-stemmed deciduous dwarf tree with a more or less rounded form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a high maintenance dwarf tree that will require regular care and upkeep, and should only be pruned in summer after the leaves have fully developed, as it may 'bleed' sap if pruned in late winter or early spring. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Fox Valley River Birch is ideal for use as a garden accent or patio feature, and is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use

Plant Characteristics:

Fox Valley River Birch will grow to be about 10 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 feet from the ground. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This dwarf tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils, and is subject to chlorosis (yellowing) of the leaves in alkaline soils. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder zones.

This is a selection of a native North American species.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Accent Massing Screening Garden
Applications
Flowers Fall Color Bark Winter Value
Ornamental Features
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